Scholar of Confucius
thought and intrigue, Pang Tong was known as the "Blooming-Phoenix."
As a Wu spy in the Battle at Red Wall, he devised and persuaded Cao
Cao to follow the 'Chain-Link' scheme for his warships. Cao Cao agreed
and adopted his plan by connecting up his ships with iron chains, thereby
the ships would be steady on rough waters and reduced the number of
soldiers falling ill due to rough waves. Cheng Yu warned Cao Cao about
the danger of fire attack in such condition, but Cao Cao ignored him
due to the wrong wind direction at that time.
However, when the wind direction changed
suddenly on a particular day, Cao Cao realised that he had been fooled
by Pang Tong's plan of chaining up his ships. A massive incendiary attack
by Zhou Yu destroyed Cao Cao's navy completely.
After Zhou Yu's death, Pang Tong intended
to serve Sun Quan but he was rejected due to his ugly looks and his
comment about Zhou Yu hurt Sun Quan's feeling. Then he was recommended
by Lu Su and Zhuge Liang to Liu Bei. Thereafter he served under Liu
Advising Liu Bei in an attack on Yizhou,
Pang Tong said, "You must adapt in turbulent times. Annex unstable lands
and be a just ruler. Pay retribution to the people after war and they
will find sincerity in your action. Take heed, if you do not claim the
land now, someone else surely will." The otherwise hesitant Liu Bei
was convinced, and decided to take Yizhou while it was weak. Before
a feast to celebrate a succession of victories, Liu Bei confided to
Pang Tong, "The banquet today will be a festive occasion!"
"Finding excitement in ravaging another man's country clearly shows
that there is no virtue with men at war," admonished Pang Tong.
In a later battle, Pang Tong was apprehensive
as he approached the "Slope of the Fallen Phoenix." Before that, Pang
Tong was thrown off his stead and Liu Bei offered him his white horse.
When he reached the slope, Zhang Ren had laid an ambush and he assumed
that Pang Tong was Liu Bei because of the white horse. Suddenly, as
he was about to break free of that place, a shower of arrows poured
down and killed him. Playful in the art of criticism, Pang Tong is honored
for praising people of talent and striving to stimulate excellence in
those around him.