Expert in many crafts
of war, the elder general Huang Zhong wielded a sword as skillfully
as he shot with his massive bow. He was a strong warrior and could bend
the three-hundred-pound bow, an excellent archer of the time. He and
Liu Biao's nephew; Liu Pan held the Changsha region under Liu Biao for
some time. After Liu Biao's death, Huang Zhong went to serve Han Xuan
who took command of the city.
He defended Changsha for Han Xuan against
Guan Yu's invading army. They fought a hundred and more bouts in duel,
but neither seemed nearer victory. Next day, they fought again and were
evenly matched. In the confusion of battle Huang Zhong was thrown from
his horse, but Guan Yu let him escape unharmed. In the next bout of
fighting, Huang Zhong went out under orders to shoot and kill Guan Yu.
However, twice he plucked his empty bowstring towards his opponent.
A third time he purposely directed an arrow into the base plumes of
Guan Yu's helmet. Huang Zhong's passive display on the battlefield only
invited Han Xuan's reached wrath, and he was sentenced to die due to
his actions of sparing Guan Yu's life. Before a blade reached his neck,
Wei Yan rushed upon the scene and saved him.
Huang Zhong was ashamed of himself and
avoided meeting anyone since then. But soon, Liu Bei went in person
to his house and inquired for him. Huang Zhong decided to join Liu Bei,
and led the advance guard into Shu. He frequently had to rescue Wei
Yan in his impertinent attempts to rush ahead into battle. Later at
Tiandang Mountain, he, together with Yan Yan defeated Xiahou De who
insisted on attacking Huang Zhong when Zhang He advised exercising caution.
He used strategy that makes the enemy overconfident and scored a victory.
In the incursion on Hanzhong, he headed three divisions into action
with Fa Zheng as advisor and confronted an elder leader from Cao Cao's
army, Xiahou Yuan at Dingjun Mountain. Huang Zhong fought a decisive
battle, swiping through Xiahou Yuan with one mighty blow of the sword,
and won a complete victory.
Later, Huang Zhong accompanied Liu Bei
to fight Wu at Yiling as a Van Leader. He fought valiantly although
he was over seventy years of age at that time. On his first attack,
he cut off one of Wu generals and scored a full victory. Next day, he
pursued Pan Zhang who made a feint and got away. Suddenly, he fell into
an ambush and found himself attacked from all sides. Huang Zhong forced
his way to retreat but as he was passing some hills, an enemy cohort
led by Ma Zhong came down the slopes, and one of the arrows wounded
the veteran in the armpit. He was taken back to the main camp by Guan
Xing and Zhang Bao, but unfortunately he was seriously wounded and died
that night. Liu Bei mourned for him and made him a grave in Chengdu.